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10 laws that come into force on January 1.01.2018, XNUMX



New Year's fireworks have died down, Olivier has been eaten. The country has entered a new year, 2018. What is he preparing for ordinary Russians, what new government initiatives will improve (or worsen) our daily life? We present you the top 10 bills that came into force on January 1.

10. Tax incentives will make it easier

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From January this year, it will be easier for Russian citizens to receive benefits for the following types of tax payments:

  • transport;
  • land;
  • on the property of individuals.

  •  Now the tax authorities will not require citizens to provide documents evidencing the right to receive benefits. It will only be necessary to fill out an application in which to indicate the details of the title document.

  •  And tax officials themselves will request the necessary information from the relevant organizations and authorities.

9. Firstborn will pay more

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Good news awaits people who are expecting the birth of their first child in 2018. Every month (and until the child reaches the age of 1.5 years) they will be paid a fairly large amount.

  •  The average monthly allowance will be 10,5 thousand rubles.

  •  However, this will not affect all families in which the first-born were born, but only those whose per capita income is less than 1.5 living wages per child. This minimum is set at the regional level.

8. Alcoholic energy drinks are banned

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  •  From January 1, a ban on the production and sale of low-alcohol drinks, which contain tonic substances (usually caffeine and taurine) and less than 15% ethyl alcohol, comes into effect.

  •  There is an exception to this rule: low-alcohol products for export can be produced.

  •  Until now, alcohol-containing energy drinks have been very popular among young people. For a while, they allow you to increase efficiency, give vigor and drive away sleep. However, with frequent use, such drinks lead to serious health problems. They cause arrhythmia, increase the risk of diabetes and obesity, and contribute to the development of teenage alcoholism.

7. It will be possible to be treated remotely

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The law allowing the patient to be treated on the Internet came into force. No, not by searching for symptoms on Google. Medical assistance can be provided through remote consultations of doctors and online consultations between a doctor and a patient. At the same time, the doctor can remotely monitor the patient's health status.

  •  However, there is an important nuance: such online treatment is possible only when the patient came to the doctor in person for the first appointment.

6. Many excisable goods will rise in price

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In 2018, the tax burden on a number of excisable goods will increase. These include:

  • petrol;
  • diesel fuel;
  • passenger cars (from 90 to 150 HP);
  • passenger cars and motorcycles over 150 HP;
  • electronic cigarettes;
  • cigarettes and cigarettes;
  • cigars;
  • cigarillos;
  • tobacco (all kinds);
  • heating tobacco.

  •  For ordinary Russians, these changes mean that all these goods will inevitably rise in price. So, a pack of regular cigarettes will cost about a hundred rubles.

  •  A liter of fuel will rise in price by about 1 ruble 18 kopecks. Experts predict that this year the price of motor fuel may reach (or even exceed) 50 rubles per liter.

  •  Cars with powerful engines will rise in price, on average, by a hundred.

5. A new sign will appear on the roads

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Starting from January, the SDA will introduce a new concept, "Zone of Calm Traffic". A special sign will be installed at the entrance to such a zone. When driving in such a place, the speed of the car will not exceed 20 km / h, and it will not be possible to overtake. And pedestrians will be able to cross the roadway not only along the zebra, but wherever they wish.

  •  It is not yet known where exactly the "Zones of calm movement" will appear and what they will be needed for. Perhaps these will be the historical centers of large cities, as well as former industrial zones.

4. The amount of pensions and salaries will increase

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In 2018, the government found funds so that pensioners and public sector workers would have to “hold on” less desperately.

  •  Retired and non-working citizens from January 1 will receive 500 rubles (3.7%) more than in 2017. This indexation will affect about 40 million Russians.

  •  Salaries of state employees will increase by 4%.

  •  But working pensioners should not count on an increase in pensions in 2018.

3. Maternity capital will remain

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The third place in the ranking of the most important laws and amendments that have come into force since, is occupied by two news about maternity capital at once: good and bad.

  •  Good at first: maternity capital will be extended to.

  •  And now the bad news: this year its indexing will be frozen.

  •  There is another important change regarding mother capital: a certain amount of it can be received monthly. It is necessary to submit an appropriate application to the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation.

2. Penalty for tinting will increase

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  •  Fans of driving in tightly tinted cars in 2018 will be fined more severely. For the first time, the fine will be 1500 rubles. If the violator does not correct himself and does not remove the tint, then he will be fined 5 thousand rubles (previously the amount of the fine reached 500 rubles).

  •  To drive without problems, you need to remember: the light transmission capacity of the windows in the car must be at least 75% for the windshield and at least 70% for the front windows.

1. Anonymous use of messengers is prohibited

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Amendments to the law “On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection” come into force on January XNUMX. According to them, all Internet users will have to provide their phone number when registering in applications designed for instant messaging.

  •  This is done in order to combat illegal content, spam and counter terrorism.

  •  Now the Russians will not be able to link an account of such a service to a faceless email address. And given that mobile operators have the passport data of SIM card holders, they can (and will) transfer them to law enforcement officers upon request.

  •  This law applies to instant messengers registered in the Russian Federation in the appropriate status.

  •  Individuals who violate the new law will be fined up to 5 rubles, officials – from 30 to 50 rubles, and legal entities – from 800 to a million rubles.